Select Wisdom Brand
(Romans 11:33-36) Paul on Mount Everest

(Romans 11:33-36) Paul on Mount Everest

Ref: Romans 11:33–36

O the depths of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable are His judgments, and His ways past finding out!' This is the only way Paul could end the eleventh chapter of his letter to the Romans. God is the epicenter of the Gospel, and Paul will make sure that both Jews and Gentiles never forget that.


Paul on Mount Everest

Romans 11:33-36

As we conclude the first 11 chapters of Romans today, and our 123rd sermon for those of you who are counting, we are about to leave the subject of doctrine and move into the realm of duty.

Paul is about to move us from belief to behavior, from principle to practice.

It is never enough to believe the truth . . . we must live the truth.  We must not be hearers of the word only, but doers.

We must move from education into application.

The first 11 chapters, and our 123 sermons through them, have educated us in many great doctrines of the faith.

I did a quick review and found we have covered the doctrines of original sin, grace, depravity, judgment, sin nature, salvation freely offered, faith, repentance, eternal hell and eternal heaven, justification, wrath, forgiveness, predestination, election, propitiation of Christ and evangelism.

  • In chapter one we uncovered the gospel of God and the digression of sin
  • In chapter two we studied the impartiality of God toward the moral man, who is held guilty along with immoral man
  • In chapter three we heard God declare the condemnation of the world and the only hope through Jesus Christ
  • In chapters 4 and 5 we studied God’s plan of justification by faith alone
  • In chapters 6 and 7 we studied God’s design for sanctification in the life of His children
  • In chapter 8 we uncovered our position of victory in Christ and heard the great judge say, “No condemnation.”  As if to say, it doesn’t matter if you feel forgiven, we are forgiven; you are secure in the preserving power of God.
  • Then, in chapter 9 we observed God’s sovereignty in His election of Israel.
  • In chapter 10, Israel and the world of mankind was shown to be responsible moral agents
  • In Chapter 11, we uncovered the prophetic plan of God for Israel’s future and the future of the world.

After all that . . . is it any wonder that Paul, near the close of chapter 11, begins to magnify the mercy of God (v. 30), the mercy of God (v. 31), the mercy of God (v. 32).

Having taken us on an aerial view covering the ground from Adam’s fall and the sewer of our sin to the grace of God through the sacrifice of Christ . . . what more could Paul say, than, “Thank God for the mercy of our Lord . . . praise you Lord for your mercy.”

Thank You that Your faithfulness is great and Your mercy is new every morning.

Ladies and Gentlemen, true doctrine leads the student into an awareness of his sin and the greatness of his Savior.  

Doctrine leads us to our knees!

But then, to our feet again, in order to serve this gracious and merciful God.

And so chapter 12 opens with the words, “I beseech you, by the mercies of God, present your bodies a living sacrifice . . .”

Adoration leads to action.

And in chapter 12, Paul will take us from learning about God into living for God.

Out of the classroom and into the laboratory of life, where truth is tested by fire and character is forged from tribulation.


However . . . Paul doesn’t go directly from the Christian’s belief into the Christian’s behavior.

But he seems to be a little overwhelmed as he reaches the peak of his doctrinal dissertation.

It’s as if he’s scaled Mount Everest . . . climbing over and through one doctrinal challenge after another . . . but now he’s made it to the highest peak and it seems like he just wants to take it all in. 

He’s hiked to the crest of Divine truth, and now, from this height he can see the grand sweep of God’s revelation . . . ending with His mercy. 

He can’t move on just now . . . he has seen the guilt of man and the grace of God; he has witnessed the corruption of society from God’s perspective and then the compassion of the Savior . . . he can’t move on just yet!

He seems overwhelmed with the grace and power and justice and sovereignty and love and mercy of God.

There is some shouting to do.   Paul will end this major section of inspired scripture with a burst of joy and a sense of awe.

You can hear him shouting from the top of Mt. Everest all the way to the valley of our own lives . . . even to this day.

“Oh” he cries . . . “Oh,” verse 33, “the depth of the riche, both of the wisdom and knowledge of God!  How unsearchable are His judgments and unfathomable His ways!  For who has known the mind of the Lord, or who became His counselor?  Or who has first given to Him that it might be paid back to him again?  For from Him and through Him and to Him are all things.  To Him be the glory forever, Amen.”

Listen . . . between the doctrine of Romans 1-11 and the duty of Romans 12-16 is this passage of joyful exaltation.

Between doctrine and duty is a doxology.

Doxa – which means praise or glory

Logia – meaning words or rendering.

When correct doctrine is taught the result is not a headache - the result is praise!


Praise God from whom all blessings flow!

We offer to God our words of glory and praise for we have discovered something of His deity.

I remember coming home from the office one day, my twin boys were about 4 or 5 . . . I pulled up and they were in the front yard each holding a hammer.  Maybe Marsha had been singing around the house, “If I had a hammer,” and that had inspired them.  They came running over to me with grins on their faces and they said, “Daddy, we know what God made rocks out of!”  I looked over to our side yard were several boulders had been placed for decoration . . . one of them had really been worked over – “Daddy, we know what God made rocks out of!”  I said, “What?”  They said, “Dust!  He stuck all the dust together and made rocks.”

Isn’t that great Daddy?

They were so excited about discovering something about what God had done!

Listen, the discovery about something regarding God leads you to say the same thing . . . isn’t that great!

Before Paul moves us into the application of what we have learned about God, he stops and for a few brief sentences says, in several different ways . . . isn’t God great!

I could rephrase Paul’s first discovery this way:

When it comes to the mind of God – He’s immeasurable.

He writes in verse 33.  Oh, the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! 

You could render this list of nouns this way, “oh the rich depth of the wisdom and knowledge of God.”

Divine knowledge is God knowing everything there is to know, perfectly.

Divine wisdom is God knowing how to apply everything He knows, perfectly.

Has it ever occurred to you that nothing has ever occurred to God.

Have you learned yet, that God never learned anything?  He’s always known.

A. W. Tozer writes, “God cannot learn; He never at any time or in any manner received into His mind knowledge that He did not possess and had not possessed from eternity.  Because God knows all things perfectly, he knows no thing better than any other thing, but all things equally well.  He never discovers anything, he is never surprised, nor is He ever amazed.

Quoted by James Boice, Romans: Volume 3 (Baker Books, 1993), p. 1419

How deep is the mind of God!

Paul is delivering this praise in the face of God’s revealed plan for the nation Israel and all Gentiles as well.

He knows His plans . . . He knows every option and every alternative.

And His plans include you – for the prophet Jeremiah has informed us, “He knows plans He has for you – plans for hope . . . and a future. . .”  (Jeremiah 29:11)

One author explained it this way:

When you cannot explain why, He knows the answer. 

   When you cannot give reasons, He understands what they are.      

      When you cannot see the end, He is already there.

Paul cries from Mount Everest down to where we are muddling through in the shadows – “Take courage!  While you cannot measure the depth of God’s knowledge and wisdom . . . rest assured His plans cannot be hindered . . . they cannot be altered . . . they will not be abandoned.”

Paul goes on to shout another sentence – notice another exclamation point following the last phrase of verse 33.

How unsearchable are His judgments and unfathomable His ways! 

When it comes to the mind of God – it is immeasurable.

When it comes to the decisions of God – they are unsearchable.


The word for judgment, used by Paul, is the word krimata, which generally stands for judicial verdicts.

In the Bible, this words can be understood to refer to the decrees of God . . . and Paul says  they are unsearchable.

This is simply another way of saying there’s no way we can fully figure out the decision making process of God.

We are bound by earth . . . He is boundless in eternity.

For us to search out the mystery of God’s decrees is like a 3 year old trying to grasp the significance of the Constitution of the United States. 

We are spiritual kindergarteners, trying to spell out the mystery of God with alphabet blocks.  And we seem to be missing some of the letters.

Take heart in your spelling . . . Paul is missing some too . . . he cannot fully explain the mystery of God’s decrees, he can only simply express it.

When it comes to the mind of God – it is immeasurable.

When it comes to the decisions of God – they are unsearchable.

3)  When it comes to the ways of God – they are untraceable.

The latter part of verse 33 again, “How unsearchable are His judgments and unfathomable His ways! 

Unfathomable – you will never get to the bottom of them!  You just accept them.

The word unfathomable comes from an original word that literally refers to footprints that cannot be tracked.  This creates in our minds the tracks of an animal that hunter is unable to detect.  David referred to the inability of mankind to fully track the Footprints of God when he wrote, “Thy way was in the sea, and thy paths in the mighty waters, and Thy footprints may not be known.”  (Psalm 77:19)

Now, the word of God has not been given to us to frustrate our inability to comprehend God . . . Paul isn’t saying there are things about God we can’t know – for there is much about God that we do know.

Paul is on top of the mountain . . . surveying the content of 11 chapters of incredible revelation from God and about God and he simply shouts . . . we haven’t seen anything yet!  There is so much about God we have yet to learn! 

No wonder James Denney, the revered Scottish theologian of 150 years ago, used to warn his seminary students against thinking they could learn all there was to know about God.  He would often say to them, “Gentlemen, to study infinity will require eternity.”

Robert Morgan, Nelson’s Complete Book of Stories (Thomas Nelson Publishers, 2000), p. 351

If you think we’re gonna sit around on clouds and strum on golden harps, think again.  We will have eternity to discover the nature and character – the wisdom and grace and mercy and power of Christ who is the fullness of Deity!

He will be the object and the delight of our eternal exploration.

We will have eternity to study infinity.

Now Paul asks two questions, quoting from two Old Testament Books.

34.  For who has known the mind of the Lord, or who became His counselor?

It’s as if Paul adds evidence to his testimony that God is immeasurable, unsearchable and untraceable, he now asks, in effect,  “Can anybody step forward and say they know the mind of God?  Is there anybody here, He has ever asked for advice?”

Who has known the mind of the Lord . . . who became His counselor?  This is taken from Isaiah chapter 40.

Put in our modern vernacular . . . who in the world can instruct God in what to do?  When has God ever asked you for help?

Trouble is, we think He needs it!  And so we do attempt to counsel God, more regularly than we’d like to admit.

“Lord, I wouldn’t do that if I were you!”

“Lord, you seem to have forgotten some of the details!”

“Lord, your timing is off . . . what are you waiting for?!”

We seem to forget, God does not depend on our advice.  He does not take His cues from us.  We are not the stage manager and He the actor . . . we don’t prod Him on stage when we think it’s time to for Him to perform.

Paul says, “Listen, from the view I have up here . . . forget about giving God any advice . . . He is the strong sovereign and we are His weak, needy servants.”

The problem is, we get a little caught up in ourselves!  We might even strut around with an air of know it all that betrays our pride.

Clifton Fadiman, in his Little, Brown Book of Anecdotes told the story of the current reigning world heavy-weight champion boxer, Muhammad Ali.  Ali was at the height of his fame . . . he was on an airplane that was preparing to take off.  The stewardess came by and reminded him to fasten his seat belt.  Ali said, “Superman don’t need a seat belt.”  To which the quick thinking stewardess replied, “Superman don’t need a airplane, either.”  Ali buckled his seat belt.

Quoted in Charles Swindoll, Shedding Light on our Dark Side (Insight for Living, 1993), 85

We are not God . . . sometimes we have to remember to simply buckle up!

The Apostle Paul next, pulls a quote out of the Book of Job

35.  Or who has first given to Him that it might be paid back to Him again?

In other words, when did God depend on mankind and borrow strength and resources that He had to repay.

When was God indebted to man?

We talk of God theologically as self-sufficient  - He is entirely complete . . . there was a time when there was nothing but God.  He was complete then.  There was no sun, yet He dwelt in light.  There was no Heaven, yet his glory was unbounded.  When He introduced Himself to Moses He said, “I am who I am.”  How’s that for a self-sufficiency.

Paul says, “From my view, it’s clear – God is not indebted to man, man is indebted to God.

Missionary Gracie Burnham, was held captive by terrorists in the Philippines for more than a year.  Her husband was killed during their rescue . . . Gracie was interviewed a little over a year ago and she said, “I used to have this concept of what God is like, and how life’s supposed to be because of that.  But out in the jungle, I learned I don’t know as much about God as I thought I did.  What I do know for certain now is this – God is God and I am not.  The world’s in a mess because of sinful man, not God – and awful things may happen to me, but God does what is right.

Citation: Corrie Cutrer, “Soul Survivor,” Today’s Christian Woman (July /August 2003), p. 50

She learned that in the jungle – God is God and I am not and while I may sin, God will never do anything but right.

From the field of India comes another incredible story of trust and surrender.  This time from the life of William Carey who began his missionary career in 1793.  He would labor in that country for 40 years without ever returning to England. 

One afternoon, after 20 years of plodding, hard labor in the translation of the Bible into several languages, along with other critically important translation projects including a Dictionary, a fire broke out and ripped through his printing plant and warehouse.  All of his printing equipment was destroyed along with his manuscripts.  This was before the days of computer back-up files and photocopiers.  Twenty years of nonstop labor, gone within a few hours.  Later, William Carey wrote these words to his pastor-friend, Andrew Murray, in England.

“To me, the consideration of God’s sovereignty and wisdom have been supporting . . . I endeavored to improve our affliction last Lord’s day, by reading from Psalm 46:10, “Be still and know that I am God.”  I meditated on two ideas:

  1. God has a sovereign right to do as He pleases
  2. I am to acquiesce in whatever God does with me and to me.

Citation: Bill Mills and Craig Parro, Finishing Well (Leadership Resources, p. 101

Wow – that’s another way of saying, God owes us nothing; we owe Him everything.  And the incredible news is that one day, God will give us everything.

That, Ladies and Gentlemen, is the view from the top of Mount Everest.  Better yet, from the top of Mount Zion and the coming city of our God.

Paul ends his doxology with these great and familiar words,

36. For from Him and through Him and to Him are all things. 

Paul praises God for three more things:

For from Him . . . ex (ex) – are all things.  Literally, for “out of Him are all things.  Paul says with great joy - #1: God is the original source.

And through Him – dia (dia) – through . . . Paul says, secondly, God is the only channel.

And to Him are all things – to Him - eiV (eis) – that is, back to Him – Third, Paul declares, God is the ultimate goal and glory of all things.

We have to make a radical shift in our earth-bound perspective.

We think first of our needs, and even when we are thinking in terms of God, we think first in terms of our salvation and our happiness rather than of God’s glory.

Why did God create the heavens and the earth?  We answer, “To give us a beautiful place to live and work.”  True to a certain degree, but the Bible says, “The heaven declare the glory of  God.” (Psalm 19:1)

Why did Jesus Christ come into the world and live a sinless life and die on the cross?  We would answer, “To save us from our sins.”  And we would be right . . .but there is a higher purpose, as Jesus prayed in the garden to God the Father and said, “I have brought you glory on earth by completing the work.”  (John 17:4)  I have brought you glory on earth.

The triune God has received glory from the obedience of Christ.

What will the saints be saying when they stand before the throne of God?  We suppose we will be singing praises for how good God has been to us . . . and that will be part of it, no doubt.  But the lyrics have already been provided in the inspired score, “To Him who sits on the throne and unto the Lamb, be praise and honor and glory and power, for ever and ever. (Revelation 5:13)  Adapted from James Boice, p. 1435

That’s the view from heaven . . . and Paul has caught a glimpse of it too and he begins singing it, this side of heaven!

Can he end his doxology any other way than saying, “To Him be the glory forever.  Amen.”

To Him be the glory forever.

To Him be the glory

To Him be the glory forever.

To Him be the glory forever . . . Amen.

Add a Comment

We hope this resource blessed you. Our ministry is EMPOWERED by your prayer and ENABLED by your financial support.
CLICK HERE to make a difference.