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( Nehemiah 13) The Making of a Pearl

( Nehemiah 13) The Making of a Pearl

by Stephen Davey Ref: Nehemiah 13

Just when we expect an elderly Nehemiah to walk away from trouble and reach for the rocking chair, he thrusts himself right back into ministry. Those who think we should retire from God's work at a certain age should read Nehemiah 13 and think again!

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I was sent this as a happy belated birthday from a member of our church.

It was on the subject of aging, of course.

Do you realize that the only time in our lives when we like to get old is when we’re kids?  If you’re less than 10 years old, you’re so excited about aging that you think in fractions.

“How old are you?”  “I’m 5 and a ½ . . . I’ll be 6 in three weeks.”    Have you realized that you are never 36 and ½!

No, you’re 5 and ½ and you gonna be 6 in three weeks.

You get into your teens and now no one can hold you back.  You literally jump to the next number. 

“How old are you?”  “I’m gonna be 16.”  You could be 14, but you’ll say, “I’m gonna be 16 . . . eventually.’

Then the great day of your life; you become 21.  Even the words sound like a ceremony.  You become 21!

But then you turn 30.  What happened there?  You turn 30. Makes you sound like bad mile.  He turned 30 so we had to throw him out.  What changed?  You become 21 but you turn 30.

Then you’re pushing 40.  You reach 50.

You become 21; you turn 30; you’re pushing 40; ;you reach 50 – then you make it to 60.

By then you’ve built up so much speed, you hit 70.

Then you just simply in your 80’s. My grandmother won’t even buy green bananas because there too much of an investment in the future.

And it doesn’t end there.  Once you in the 90’s you start going backwards.  I was just 92.

Then a strange thing happens; if you make it over 100 you become a little kid again.

“How old are you?”   “I’m 100 and ½ . . . in fact, in three weeks I’ll be 101.”

Man, isn’t life fast?

I answered the phone a couple of days ago, it was a call for my wife from a girl she roomed with in college.  She had called to talk to Marsha – she wasn’t in so her friend gave me the message that her son was engaged to be married.  “I said, “Your son . . . how old is he?”  She laughed and said, “He’s 20 years old.”  I said, “You’re kidding . . . wait a second,  we are too young to be that old.”  She laughed too.

How life changes.  Sometimes the changes and the pressures and the tribulations become so great that you at 38 or 48 or 58 would like to be 5 ½ all over again, when life was simple.

I was sent this recently from another Colonial friend.


I want to live simple again too.  No deep problems, no painful challenges.  I want to live where the water is calm and the breeze is pleasant.

You know as well as I do that life isn’t like that at all.   Life is not simple!

Even our Lord referred to each day being full of trouble.

Dr. Richard Seume, a man I had the privilege of worshipping under as he led the student body of Dallas Seminary in chapel worship, put an interesting perspective on the subject of not just growing older, but on the ongoing troubles and pressures of life.


We come to the final chapter in the Memoirs of Nehemiah.

A time when the clock jumps forward more than a decade – Nehemiah is 70 years old.

Turn please to Nehemiah chapter 13




 I think it is incredibly significant that God would close this dynamic book with Nehemiah handling pressure and tribulation.

But that’s reality!  That happens to be the true picture of Christianity.  It isn’t happily ever after throughout the Christian life . . . at least, not yet.  But for here and now, it is never comfortable carrying a cross.

And godly living is not simply gaining victory over a series of problems and then moving on to new ones.  Sometimes it is battling the same ones again and again and again.

Nehemiah has only recently experienced great victory.  He’s cleaned up the city, rebuilt the walls, expelled the enemies, unified the nation and brought the people through an extended revival.

If there was a time when 70 year old Nehemiah would resign from battle, it would be now.

In fact, if there was ever a time when he’d not be up for any more struggles, it would be now.  If there was ever a time when he’d become disollusioned with the ongoing pressures and tribulations of life, it would be now.  You would almost expect Nehemiah to say, “I’m resigning – I want life back like it was when I was a little kid.”

I want to return to the simple life.

But in the aging years of his life, just when you would expect him to walk away from trouble and reach for the rocking chair, he instead fashions another pearl. 

And he reveals his greatest faith yet – and his most intimate moments with God.

Before we begin one last look into this man’s personal diary, I want to make two observations that come directly out of Nehemiah’s own experience:

These are realistic lessons about the Christian life:

  • Your greatest test of faith is always the next one.
  • Your greatest display of character has yet to happen.

So don’t rest on your laurels.   Past victories do not guarantee future ones. 

Your greatest test as a believer is just around the corner.  

The question is, will you retreat from the hard work of the Christian life, or will you shape even more pearl for the glory of God.

Let’s take one more look at a man who didn’t run from the tribulations of life.

Nehemiah chapter 13 and verse 1.

The Sin of Compromise  (vv. 4-9)

1.  On that day they read aloud from the book of Moses in the hearing of the people; and there was found written in it that no Ammonite or Moabite should ever enter the assembly of God,  2.  because they did not meet the sons of Israel with bread and water, but hired Balaam against them to curse them. However, our God turned the curse into a blessing.  3.  So when they heard the law, they excluded all foreigners from Israel.  4.  Now prior to this, Eliashib the priest, who was appointed over the chambers of the house of our God, being related to Tobiah,  5.  had prepared a large room for him, where formerly they put the grain offerings, the frankincense, the utensils and the tithes of grain, wine and oil prescribed for the Levites, the singers and the gatekeepers, and the contributions for the priests.  6.  But during all this time I was not in Jerusalem, for in the thirty-second year of Artaxerxes king of Babylon I had gone to the king. After some time, however, I asked leave from the king,  7.  and I came to Jerusalem and learned about the evil that Eliashib had done for Tobiah,






by preparing a room for him in the courts of the house of


If you put the chronological pieces together you discover that after Nehemiah had served as governor for several years in Jerusalem he had returned to King Artaxerxes.  He stays for several years, once again serving in the palace of the  King.

We’re not sure, but perhaps he heard that his old enemy was gaining ground once again inside the city walls.

His old enemy Tobiah, verse 9 told us, had been given a suite of rooms, plural, inside the Temple itself.  An Ammonite was living in the Jewish temple – a direct violation of God’s law.

Verse 4 tells us that Tobiah was given this suite of rooms by Eliashib, the High Priest – a High Priest who was related to Sanballat and, you may remember, Sanballat and Tobiah were friends and co-enemies of  Nehemiah.

So the High Priest was compromising with the enemy and had actually invited him in to the temple to stay.

One author said that inviting Tobiah to live in the Jewish temple was like inviting a possum to live in the chicken coup.

But sometimes that’s how the enemy of God’s people works.  Even to this day, another author commented, Satan doesn’t always fight churches, sometimes he joins them.

Nehemiah reminds me of our Lord who came into the Temple precinct and brandished a whip and beat all of the Gentile merchants off the temple property, turning over their tables and chasing them out.

Notice verse 8.  It was very displeasing to me, so I threw all of Tobiah’s household goods out of the room [suite].  9.  Then I gave an order and they cleansed the rooms; and I returned there the utensils of the house of God with the grain offerings and the frankincense.

Can you see Nehemiah – as soon as he sees what’s happening, he throws all of Tobiah’s clothes, his furniture,  his razor and his bathrobe – he hauls it all out and then has the rooms ceremonially fumigated.  One author commented that Nehemiah didn’t even want the smell of Tobiah hanging around.

Dear friends, Nehemiah handled compromise here the same way he handled it in chapter 4 and  in chapter 6.  He handled compromise immediately!

No lollygagging around – no dialogue – no maneuvering to make sure Tobiah had someplace else to live.  NO!  There was sin in the camp and a sinner in the temple.  And Nehemiah dealt with both immediately.

May I remind you that today, in this dispensation of grace  -according to I Corinthians 3:16  -“You are the temple of  God.”  I Corinthians 6:19 – “Your bodies are the temple of the Holy Spirit.”

Can I ask you a question?  How do you deal with sin in your temple.

Have you set up a suite of rooms and invited something to come and live inside of you that doesn’t belong in the holy temple of God?  Have you secretly decorated some room in your heart and invited lust or pride or dishonesty to move in.

Deal with sin like Nehemiah dealt with compromise – he dealt with it decisively and he dealt with it immediately.

Keep the temple of God clean!

Another sinful situation arises for Nehemiah . . . it is the persistent sin of selfishness.

Look at verse 10.  I also discovered that the portions of the Levites had not been given them, so that the Levites and the singers who performed the service had gone away, each



to his own field.

Stop just a moment.  Can you imagine how Nehemiah must have felt.  I believe there is a volume behind the words, “I also discovered . . .”  Can you imagine how discouraging . . . if you were with us in our last study, we watched as the Jewish nation signed  a declaration specifically stating that they would not withhold their financial resources from the temple.  And now, some years later, Nehemiah discovers they’ve not kept their word.

“I also discovered. . .”  Frankly, that hit him hard, as you’ll see in a moment.

Like the teacher who discovers the dishonesty of his favorite student.

Like the wife who’s husband has promised he’ll never drink again – she discovers a bottle hidden in his closet.

Like the parents who’ve heard their son or daughter promise they are clean – only to discover drugs stashed away in a drawer.

Like the spouse who discovers the unfaithfulness of their mate.

Wham – your heart rips apart.  You want to quit.  Your soul aches and you hardly know how to breathe.

You want to retreat to a simpler life.

Nehemiah discovered the infidelity of God’s people.  Their dishonesty.  Their selfishness.

Instead of running, he buckles down for the long haul and verse 11.  So I reprimanded the officials and said, “Why is the house of God forsaken?” Then I gathered them together and restored them to their posts.  12.  All Judah then brought the tithe of the grain, wine and oil into the storehouses. 



In other words, he reprimands the leaders – they had allowed it to go on – they had turned a deaf ear and a blind eye to the unfaithfulness of the people.  But he doesn’t just reprimand the leaders – he re-instructs the people and restores them to their proper place.

But notice Nehemiah’s personal conversation with the Lord. 14.  Remember me for this, O my God, and do not blot out my loyal deeds which I have performed for the house of my God and its services.   

It’s like he said, “Oh Lord . . . these people – how agonizing to have to go back down this path again.  Lord, please don’t forget what I’m trying to do here for your sake and for the sake of your glory.”

But that wasn’t all Nehemiah discovered upon his return to Jerusalem.  He soon noticed  the sin of materialism had crept back inside the city gates.

15.  In those days I saw in Judah some who were treading wine presses on the sabbath, and bringing in sacks of grain and loading them on donkeys, as well as wine, grapes, figs and all kinds of loads, and they brought them into Jerusalem on the sabbath day. So I admonished them on the day they sold food.  16.  Also men of Tyre were living there who imported fish and all kinds of merchandise, and sold them to the sons of Judah on the sabbath, even in Jerusalem.  17.  Then I reprimanded the nobles of Judah and said to them, “What is this evil thing you are doing, by profaning the sabbath day?  18.  Did not your fathers do the same, so that our God brought on us and on this city all this trouble? Yet you are adding to the wrath on Israel by profaning the sabbath.”  19.  It came about that just as it grew dark at the gates of Jerusalem before the sabbath, I commanded that the doors should be shut and that they should not open them until after the sabbath. Then I




stationed some of my servants at the gates so that no load would enter on the sabbath day. 

By the way, you might notice that Nehemiah in verse 22 prayed after he obeyed.  He prayed after he acted, not before.  There are certain things you don’t need to pray about before you do them.  God has already spoken.

This is the will of God, that you abstain from fornication.  (I Thess. 4:3)  That’s the biblical word for sexual relations outside of marriage.  You don’t need to pray about that one.  You don’t need to ask God if there are any loopholes or extenuating circumstances like engagement or love or everybody else does.  God said don’t.

Pay tax to whom tax is due  (Romans 13:7).  Some of you are thinking, “I’d rather you keep preaching against fornication.”  You don’t have to get on your knees sometime before April 15th and pray, “Lord, is it your will that I pay my taxes?”

He’s already said it is.  There are no loopholes around the will of God.

I love the way Nehemiah removes even the temptation from the people of Jerusalem.  Notice verse 20.  Once or twice the traders and merchants of every kind of merchandise spent the night outside Jerusalem.  21.  Then I warned them and said to them, “Why do you spend the night in front of the wall? If you do so again, I will use force against you.”  That’s the nice Biblical way of saying, “Next time I see you here on the Sabbath, I’m gonna give you a black eye.”  Can’t you just see 70 year old Nehemiah, “Hey you, I see you hanging around these gates on Friday night again, and I’m gonna punch your lights out, so help me Jehovah Elohim.”  I love the next phrase in verse 21.  From that time on they did not come on the sabbath. (we don’t want to mess with that ole’ guy . . . wow!)  22.  And I commanded the Levites that they should purify themselves and come as gatekeepers to sanctify the sabbath day.



What insight.  Let’s deal with this threat realistically.  Nehemiah added to the job description of every Levite.  He said, “Listen, do what you do during the week, but on the Sabbath, I want you to become gatekeepers!  Keep these merchants from hanging around the walls – let’s protect the people from temptation as best we can.

By the way – that happens to be the job description of spiritual leaders, including every parent here.  You happen to be a gatekeeper.  Keep even the temptation away from the family, the children, the flock as best as you can.  You are a gatekeeper – stay alert.   Materialism and the self-centered philosophy of our world system are powerfully attractive.

I recently read that we are confronted with at least 2,000 commercials every day.  2,000!  Billboards, radio, television, magazines, newspapers, the internet, you name it. 

Your children will fight their biggest battles in learning what to listen to and what to ignore.

Several years ago, our twin sons turned 6.   That was a long time ago now.  I as reading old notes and read about their birthday – they got money from family and friends.  They were sitting on the couch counting all their loot when one of them announced, “I’m gonna give all my birthday money to church!”  He’s my favorite child!  We looked at the other son – this little 6 year old, without batting an eye, said, “Not me, I’m gonna spend all mine at the mall.”  He takes after his . . . well, just never mind who!  “I’m gonna buy candy,” he said.  I remember looking aback at the other boy – who was fidgeting around – you could almost see the battle going on inside him . . . “I forgot about all about that candy counter at the mall.”

I don’t know what happened next, but what a great illustration for 16 year olds and 36 year olds and 60 year olds who want to make a spiritual commitment but then other voices are heard that make it tough to follow through!

How do you handle materialism?  What kind of gatekeepers are you in your own life?

Finally, Nehemiah deals with the sin of  disobedience

23. In those days I also saw that the Jews had married

women from Ashdod, Ammon and Moab.  24.  As for their children, half spoke in the language of Ashdod, and none of them was able to speak the language of Judah, but the language of his own people.

You remember the problem the nation had in chapter 8 as Ezra stood and read the law.  None of the people could understand Hebrew.  For hours on end, Ezra and the priests, explained the meanings of the words.

Hebrew was re-taught to the people.

But here, the children are learning the language of their foreign, Gentile mothers – none of them could speak Hebrew!  None of the children were being taught to read their national language.

And if they couldn’t read Hebrew, they wouldn’t be able to read the law; and if they can’t read the law they wouldn’t be able to obey the law.  And if they didn’t obey the law they would be out of the will of God.

In a matter of only a few years – the people of  God had moved from revival to rebellion.

Notice whose in the middle of it all. verse 28.  Even one of the sons of Joiada, the son of Eliashib the high priest, was a son-in-law of Sanballat the Horonite, so I drove him away from me.    

You notice how these names just keep cropping up.  “Eliashib the high priest. . .Sanballat.”

So I drove him from me.

Josephus, the first century Jewish historian informs us that this grandson of Eliashib was named Manasseh.  When Nehemiah kicked him out of Jerusalem, he immediately went to live with his father in law Sanballat, in Samaria and there established the false system of worship on Mount Gerezim.

A false system of worship for those people of Samaria known as Samaritans.

Nehemiah spotted the problem and the problem maker – and dealt with it severely.

Donald Campbell writes,

                        DONALD CAMPBELL


  • God does not provide final victory over sin, but repeated victory over sin.

William Booth, the founder of the Salvation Army once said to his staff, “I want you to always bear in mind that it is the nature of a fire to go out; you must keep it stirred and  fed and the ashes continually removed, for the fire to keep burning.”

Adapted and quoted from Warren Wiersbe’s, Be Determined; Victor Books, p. 139

  • Temptation in the believer’s life does not diminish with age, it grows more clever.

It’s best to follow Nehemiah’s example. . .

Tackle compromise –  immediately.

Handle selfishness – humbly.

Attack materialism – realistically.

Deal with disobedience –  severely.

One of the authors in my library that I have enjoyed reading and quoting was the pastor for many years in one church in downtown Philadelphia. . .

            BOOK BY BOICE

In other words, you can’t resign from trouble.  You can’t go back to being a kid.  There is no return to a simpler life.  So you best learn how to make pearls out of tribulations, and keep on moving forward for Christ.

So Nehemiah closes his memoirs with his final words in verse 31, “Remember me,




O my God, for good.

That’s another way of saying, “Lord, I want to live life so that when you think of me, You will have good thoughts; when You observe my ways and my choices and my lifestyle, You will be pleased with me.”

This was his greatest passion in life.

That my friends is the story of Nehemiah’s heart and his faith and his passion for God. 

But it has been more than just the story of a man’s life.  It happens to be a demonstration of the only way to live!



At the top are big letters that read “Resignation!”

I am hereby officially tendering my resignation as an adult.  I have decided I would like to accept the responsibilities of an 6 year old again.  I want to go to a McDonald’s and think that it’s a four star restaurant.  I want to see who can blow the biggest bubble.  I want to think M&M’s are better than money because you can eat them.  I want to drink Kool-Aid and eat lemon heads with my friends.  I don’t want to change clothes because they got a little dirty and I want to enjoy every day like its summer vacation.  I want to return to a time when life was simple.  All you knew was to be happy because you were unaware of all the things that should make you worried or upset.  I want to be excited about little things again, like my new hot wheel or jump rope.  I want to live simple again.  I don’t want my day to consist of computer crashes, paperwork, cleaning, children, chores, depressing news, illness and loss.  I want to be in the roller derby and believe the Three Stooges are real.  So, here’s my checkbook and my car-keys, my credit card bills and my 401K statements, my pager, my cell phone, my palm pilot (okay, I’ll keep that), my fax machine and not least of all, my mortgage book.  I am officially resigning from adulthood.

And if you want to discuss this further, you’ll have to catch me first because, “Tag, you’re it and you’ve got cooties.  So, see you later alligator . . .after while ?? crocodile.”





“Life on earth would not be worth much if every source of tribulation were removed.  Yet most of us rebel against the things that irritate us, and count as heavy loss what ought to be rich gain.  We are told that the oyster is wiser; then when an irritating object, like a bit of sand, gets under the mantle of his shell, he begins covering it with the most precious part of his being – and he fashions a pearl.  The irritation that it was causing is stopped by encrusting it with the pearly formation. Imagine that – a pearl is simply a victory over tribulation.”

     Quoted and adapted from a commentary on James by R. Kent Hughes




“In these days when all areas of life are filled with confusion and are falling into disorder, we do well to subject our souls to the steadying, refreshing influence of a man like Nehemiah who was specific in his purposes toward God and who turned wishbones into backbones . . . we may believe that his influence ran down private channels in families and humble houses to the very time of the  Messiah.”

Adapted from Nehemiah: Man in Charge, Donald K. Campbell; Victor Books, p. 119




Book by Boice

I have especially enjoyed his commentary on the Book of Nehemiah.  His name is James Montgomery Boice.  Just a few days ago, he died from liver cancer.  He had been diagnosed just 10 weeks earlier.

He wrote in the final pages of his commentary on Nehemiah these words, “The Christian life is hard work.  Even the Bible recognizes it as hard work be describing it as a battle (I Timothy 6:12, “Fight the good fight of the faith.”); and a race (2 Timothy 4:7, “I have finished the race”); and a sacrifice, (“I urge you brothers, in view of God’s mercy, to offer your bodies as living sacrifices, holy and pleasing to God – this is your spiritual act of worship.”  Romans 12:1).    Boice goes on to write, “Bible study is hard.  Prayer is hard.  Witnessing is hard.  Living a holy life in the midst of temptation is extremely difficult.  Jesus Christ promised his followers not a comfortable life but a cross.”

James Montgomery Boice, Nehemiah: Learning to Lead;  Revell, 1990, p. 186.


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Ambrose Padaychee says:
Excellent, sound exposition of scripture. I live it. God continue to bless and prosper dr. Stephen Davies' ministry.

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