Theresa asks, What happened to Job’s wife? Is she the mother of his ten children born after he was restored?
What makes this question an especially difficult one to answer is the fact that Job’s wife, or Mrs. Job as I like to call her, is a largely anonymous biblical figure. She is never named and only speaks briefly in Job 2.
Because of that, I cannot give a definitive answer with the authority of God’s Word when it comes to Job’s wife; but I do believe that Job’s wife at the end of the book of Job is the same woman as at the beginning. I believe Mrs. Job experienced all the suffering of Job—along with her own suffering—and was restored with Job to fullness of life at the end of the book.
While some Hebrew tradition contends that Job’s wife was Dinah, the daughter of Jacob, we cannot know for sure. Historical evidence does indicate that Job lived around the same time as Jacob, but there is no clear biblical evidence that he married Dinah.
Whomever she was, the Bible does not list the death of Job’s wife as any of the curses brought upon Job by Satan with the permission of God. While the Bible clearly records the death of Job’s children, we know that Job’s wife remains alive after the suffering is inflicted, because she speaks to Job in the midst of his suffering.
After she speaks, the book of Job never records her death or indicates that Job remarried. Because of that, the most reasonable interpretation of the end of Job is that the same woman who bore Job his first ten children who died also bore him ten children after he was restored, and together their family unit and family legacy was preserved.